DETROIT — A week after Michigan’s Supreme Court ruled Gov. Gretchen Whitmer lacked the authority to act unilaterally to slow the spread of the coronavirus, the state health department issued its own emergency order keeping much of the restrictions she imposed in place.
The order Friday from Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Director Robert Gordon comes under the state’s Public Health Code.
Michigan Supreme Court justices in a 4-3 vote last week declared the 1945 law repeatedly used by the Democratic governor to respond to the pandemic unconstitutional.
The ruling has jeopardized months of restrictions, including some that temporarily shut down businesses and limited gatherings, while COVID-19 continues to flare up around the state.
More than 132,000 virus cases have been confirmed in Michigan and more than 6,800 people have died from the virus, according to the state.
But Gordon said the legal authority behind Friday’s order was enacted by the state Legislature following the Spanish Flu outbreak of 1918 and specifically deals with epidemics.
His order requires masks to be worn at any gatherings occurring at businesses, offices, schools, childcare facilities, sporting events and other nonresidential events. Businesses also can refuse services to individuals who do not wear a face covering, but there are few exceptions.
Whitmer’s earlier mask requirement continues to apply for organized gatherings larger than 10 people indoors and 100 outdoors.
“Cases are rising, and the science is clear,” Gordon said. “Masks reduce the spread of COVID-19. Social distancing reduces the spread of COVID-19. Public action is critical to saving Michiganders’ lives.”
The Michigan Supreme Court did not make clear when Whitmer’s order would end. The court’s action came on the same day that Whitmer’s foes submitted more than 539,000 signatures in a bid to repeal the ’45 law.
Republicans in the state Legislature have said a 1976 law gives lawmakers a say in any emergency declarations after 28 days.
Tony Daunt, executive director of the conservative advocacy group, Michigan Freedom Fund, said Gordon’s order signals that Whitmer is “intent on finding ways around” the Supreme Court’s ruling.
“I really fail to see how the governor can lose before the Supreme Court and then direct a subordinate to go about doing what she’s been told is illegal and unconstitutional,” Daunt said.
“There’s obvious merit in reviewing the various orders and seeing what may be worth keeping in,” he added.
Earlier Friday, Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan cited Michigan’s Public Health Code of 1978 as the city issued its own emergency order on COVID-19 restrictions that align with Whitmer’s.
Duggan said that code gives local health officers the right to act in an epidemic.
In Detroit, restaurants still have to limit capacity to 50%, while capacity at its three casinos is limited to 15%. Masks are required in public and on public transportation. Bowling alleys, theaters, gyms and other venues are allowed to operate as long as they comply with rules for workplaces and gatherings, according to the order by Chief Public Health Officer Denise Fair.
Duggan praised Whitmer’s leadership on COVID-19 guidance since she issued stay-at-home orders in March.
“We have always had the right to operate as a city,” Duggan said. “We haven’t done it because of the leadership. What we are going to do is make sure this city has certainty and continuity because what we are doing is making sure the steps the governor has taken continue to protect the city of Detroit.”
Detroit has reported more than 14,680 confirmed cases and 1,541 deaths. Duggan said Detroit residents are being infected with the virus at half the rate of suburban residents and others across the state.
“But if an African American gets COVID-19, African Americans are two to three times more likely to die of it than Caucasians,” he said.
Then, in a barely veiled dig at President Donald Trump, Duggan added: “I really want to be clear what we all know, that if somebody in Detroit gets COVID-19, there’s no helicopter coming to take you to Walter Reed Hospital for the latest experimental treatment.”
Last week, a presidential helicopter took Trump from the White House lawn to the hospital in nearby Bethesda, Maryland, where he spent several days getting treated for the coronavirus.